Last week we looked at "a" and "an" wrongly used with uncountable nouns, today we'll be looking at "a" and "an" wrongly ommited with countable nouns.
1. An accident
Wrong: If you drive at that speed, you will have accident.
Correct: If you drive at that speed, you will have an accident.
2. A bath
Wrong: He went to take bath.
Correct: He went to take a bath.
3. A headache
Wrong: She had headache, and took some tablet.
Correct: She has a. Headache, and took some tablet.
With "toothache" and "stomach ache", "a" nay be either used or left out.
4. A lie
Wrong: I will not tell you lie; he has been sacked.
Correct: I will not tell you a lie; he has been sacked.
5. A name
Wrong: You will not make name for yourself merely by boasting.
Correct: You will not make a name for yourself merely by boasting.
"Make a name" means "earn a good reputation".
6. A surprise, a shock (and other emotions).
Wrong: It gave me great surprise or great shock to hear of your resignation.
Correct: It gave me a great surprise or a great shock to hear of your resignation.
"A" must always be used before "surprise" and "shock" when they are nouns, they are countable. Other words expressing emotion tend to be uncountable.
It gives me great pleasure to be with you today.
But after the verb "be" such nouns become countable, and "a" or "an" may be used:
It was a great pleasure to hear of your son's appointment.